What Bihar Can Learn From Other Developed States Of India

What Bihar Can Learn From Other Developed States Of India

Bihar, located in the eastern part of India, has long struggled with poverty and underdevelopment. While it is rich in culture and history, it remains one of the least developed states in the country. To bridge the development gap, Bihar can draw valuable lessons from other, more developed states in India. This editorial explores various aspects, including education, business, healthcare, social security, and environmental protection, where Bihar can learn from its more prosperous counterparts.


Education is the foundation upon which a state’s development rests. High-quality education fosters human capital, innovation, and economic growth. Bihar has made strides in this area but can benefit from the experiences of other developed states.
1. Early Childhood Education: Bihar can learn from states like Gujarat, which have successfully implemented early childhood education programs. Early childhood education is crucial for building a strong foundation for lifelong learning. Bihar should invest in similar programs that focus on cognitive and socio-emotional development in the early years.
2. Teacher Training: Teacher quality is paramount to student success. States like Tamil Nadu have robust teacher training programs that Bihar can emulate. Investing in high-quality teacher training and continuous professional development ensures that educators are well-equipped to deliver effective instruction.
3. Access to Education: Kerala’s model of increasing access to education can provide valuable insights for Bihar. States like Kerala have achieved near-universal literacy rates through measures such as promoting adult education and reducing the gender gap in education.
4. Reducing Dropout Rates: Bihar needs to address the root causes of student dropouts, including poverty and child labor. Learning from developed states that have implemented programs to prevent dropouts and keep students engaged in their education is essential. Initiatives like scholarships and mentorship programs can be effective tools in this regard.


A thriving business environment is essential for job creation and economic growth. Bihar can learn from other states on how to make the state more business-friendly.
1. Streamlining the Regulatory Process: Bihar can streamline its regulatory processes, taking inspiration from states like Andhra Pradesh. Simplifying bureaucratic procedures, reducing red tape, and creating a transparent and efficient system can encourage businesses to invest in the state.
2. Providing Incentives: States like Maharashtra offer various incentives to attract businesses. Bihar can follow suit by providing tax breaks, low-cost land, and access to essential infrastructure to incentivize business investment and expansion.
3. Infrastructure Development: The development of infrastructure, such as roads, railways, airports, and ports, is a cornerstone of economic development. Bihar can learn from states like Gujarat, which have made significant investments in infrastructure projects to attract businesses and facilitate the movement of goods and people.

Other Areas

In addition to education and business, Bihar can draw inspiration from other developed states in several other areas:
1. Healthcare: Access to quality healthcare is a fundamental right. Bihar can learn from states like Chhattisgarh, which have improved healthcare services, especially in rural areas, and have managed to reduce maternal and child mortality rates. Expanding healthcare infrastructure and ensuring affordable and accessible healthcare services for all is a priority.
2. Social Security: Bihar can learn from states like Himachal Pradesh, which provide robust social security programs, including pensions for the elderly, unemployment benefits for the jobless, and disability benefits for those in need. Establishing a comprehensive social security system will help vulnerable populations in Bihar.
3. Environmental Protection: Protecting the environment is crucial for the long-term sustainability of any state’s development. Learning from states like Himachal Pradesh, Bihar can focus on reducing pollution, conserving forests, promoting renewable energy, and implementing sustainable development practices to mitigate the environmental impact of industrialization.
Bihar is on the path to development, and there are numerous lessons it can learn from other, more developed states in India. By focusing on education, business, healthcare, social security, and environmental protection, Bihar can gradually bridge the development gap. It’s essential for the state to adapt and implement best practices and policies that have proven successful in other regions. Bihar’s journey towards prosperity is a shared aspiration, and with the right strategies and concerted efforts, it can learn, grow, and ultimately thrive like its more developed counterparts.

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